Every grown person’s character is determined by the type of upbringing they had. This includes the parenting styles used. Parenting styles are psychological formulas used by different parents as strategies in child rearing.
Children go through different stages in life this means that parenting styles change from time to time as parents adjust with the transformations.
Researchers have gone through a great deal to come up with a compilation of the four main parenting styles that exist, as the similarities are so many. These four styles are the most common, meaning it is essential to know what type of parent you are and the parenting style group you belong to. The four main parenting styles are Authoritative, the Authoritarian (Disciplinarian), the Permissive (Indulgent) and finally the Uninvolved parenting style.
Although these styles are mainly focused on the parents in the United States and the styles might differ in other cultures, the researchers made sure each of the styles on the list have the four essentials which are discipline style, nurturance, expectations and communication.
The Four Parenting Styles
- Authoritative Parenting
- Authoritarian (Disciplinarian) Parenting
- Permissive (Indulgent) Parenting
- Uninvolved Parenting
Authoritative parenting style is perceived to be the most beneficial amongest all the other four parenting styles. This is because parents who use this style reinforce good behavior in their kids by ensuring that their clearly stated rules are kept and failure to do is met with consequence. Or if the rules are followed, they ensure praise or a certain reward is given as a positive gesture. Kids raised with this style tend to be disciplined and successful and also good at decision-making.
Authoritarian (Disciplinarian) Parenting
This parenting style is often one-way. This means that the parents control every aspect of the child and don’t feel the need to hear or listen to the child’s opinion. This parenting style also focuses on punishment rather than disciplining the child. Children who grow up with this type of parenting tend to be good liars or battle with low-self esteem as their views were not valued.
Permissive (Indulgent) Parenting
Permissive parents are the type of parents that try to act like their child’s friend and not parents. They don’t give their child/children any direction rather just try to be friends with them. These type of parents are so lenient and don’t enforce any rules on their kids. Children who grow up with this type of parenting tend be disobedient as they don’t appreciate authority or rules.
This type of parenting could be a conscious parenting decision or other situations might make it the way it is. This style is used by parents who stay out of their children’s way and want the children to raise themselves. This parenting style offers little nurturing, as there are few or no exceptions for the child. Kids who grow up with this parenting style tend to have behavioral problems.
Parenting styles differ among different individuals, and most might not fit distinctly into one of the four parenting styles but majority mix up the four parenting styles as situations might differ. It is good for every parent to take heed of the parenting styles used as these affect the children in their later stages.